Psychology is defined as the science of behavior and…
- mental processes
- overt actions
Psychologist Ebbinghaus once said, “psychology has a long past but only a short history”. This is because…
- Scholars only started studying human psychology recently
- Scholars have been studying human psychology for a long time, but only recently do they study in a scientific way
- Scholars started studying human psychology a long time ago
- Scholars have been studying human psychology for a long time, but only recorded its history recently
Who pointed out that individuals can use heuristics to make decisions rather than a strict rigid rule of optimization?
- John Watson
- Max Wertheimer
- Herbert Simon
According to the historical case of Phineas Gage, why were Phineas gage’s friends and acquaintances said he was “no longer Gage” after the injury?
- The accident changed his face so that no one could recognize him.
- After the head injury, he found a new job in the freak show, which led to have less contact with friends and acquaintances
- After the head injury, the impairment of his frontal lobe caused a great transformation in his mind and personality
- After the head injury, the stress of life caused a great transformation in his temper and character
Which of the following option about EEG is correct?
- EEG can be used to record strong voltage patterns, called brain waves
- EEG is mainly used to record the amount of blood flown into different brain regions
- EEG can be used to inspect brain structure
- EEG can reveal abnormal waves caused by brain malfunctions, such as epilepsy
Which of the following options about hypothalamus is not correct?
- It is related to eating and drinking
- It controls our heart beat and breathing
- It helps endocrine system lie in pituitary gland
- It belongs to the limbic system
tDCS is a non-invasive, painless procedure that uses low levels of current to stimulate specific brain regions. Cognitive neurologist used tDCS to stimulate the occipital cortex of participants in the first group. In the second group, tDCS was used to stimulate the frontal lobe. And in the third group, tDCS was used to stimulate the temporal lobe. Which group of participants will significantly improve their frequency of spontaneous thinking and meditation?
- The first group (occipital cortex)
- The second group (frontal lobe)
- The third group (temporal lobe)
- The control group
Which of the following is correct about occipital lobes.
- The occipital lobe lies in front of the parietal lobe
- When seeing a picture, our occipital lobe will be activiated.
- The occipital lobe coordinates with adjacent areas in the temporal lobes to locate objects in space
- The occipital lobe work with frontal lobes to produce visual memories
Which of the following is NOT true about the cerebral cortex?
- The cerebral cortex is also called the thinking cap of our brain
- The cerebral cortex has a left and a right hemisphere, and they take up one-third of the brain’s total mass
- The cerebral cortex are connected by corpus callosum that communicates information between the left and the right hemisphere.
- The cerebral cortex consists of the frontal lobe, the parietal lobe, the occipital lobe and the temporal lobe.
( ) extends from the medulla oblongata（延髓） in the brainstem（脑干） to the lumbar region of the vertebral column（脊椎）.
- Spinal cord
- Cerebral cortex
The sensory receptors in the eye are found on the ()
- ganglion cells.
When we stare at the starry night, it is easier to find a star when we look from the corner of our eyes. This is because…
- There are more rod cells on the peripheral area of retina.
- There are more cone cells on the peripheral area of retina.
- There are less rod cells on the peripheral area of retina.
- There are more rod cells on the central area of retina.
When we walk out of the movie theatre, everything seems so bright at first, only to become normal a few seconds later. This is a phenomenon called…
- Visual continuity
- Visual consistency
- Visual illusion
- Visual adaptation
When we look at a coin from different angles, although its shape appears to be different types of oval, we still think it is circular. This is because our shape perception is guided by ( )
- Gestalt principle
If we stare at a wall painted with red pigments a long time and then turn to a white wall, what shall we see?
- A piece of red
- A piece of green
- A piece of blue
- Just white wall
The processing of the sense of smell is very similar to the processing of the sense of ( ).
According to the The Thatcher illusion, which option is correct about face recognition?
- Upside-down face is easier to recognize than upright face.
- Recognizing upright face is just as easy as recognizing upside-down face.
- Our mind can only process an upright face.
- These traits of face recognition is an evolved ability.
Some people will feel dizzy and even vomit when riding a ship. These people are more sensitive with…
- Nasal sense
- Vocal sense
- Visual sense
- Vestibular sense
Digit span normally holds a bit more in terms of working memory capacity than does letter span because people tend to use a technic called ()
- Mapping information onto a memory palace
- Linking meaningless information to meaningful ones
- All of the above
Which of the following is episodic memory?
- Bike is a vehicle with two wheels.
- The brand name of the bike you owned.
- What it feels like riding a bike.
- How to ride a bike.
Which of the following is not included in procedural memory?
- Classical conditioning
- Operant conditioning
- Motor skills
- Name of our capital city
A group of neuroscientists has designed silicon chips to mimic the signal processing that neurons in the hippocampus do. By implanting chips like these in their brain, they most likely wants to help people whose brains have suffered damage from Alzheimer’s, stroke, or injury to ()
- retrieve well-remembered memories back into the brain.
- extend the storage capacity of working memories.
- transfer new information from short-term memories to long-term memories.
- make new procedural memories for motors skills and behavioral learning.
The Ebbinghaus curve shows that our recall rate decline due to ()
- the lapse of time.
- proactive interference.
- retroactive interference.
- encoding failure.
Since memories can be distorted, the U.S. Department of Justice (1999) has published national guidelines for gathering eyewitness testimony. Which of the following factors can affect the accuracy of eyewitnesses reports?
- Leading questions
- The lapse of the time
- Repeated retrieval
- All of the above
During the the sensory motor stage, which of the following has individual differences among children?
- the timing for developing senses and motor skills.
- the order of developing senses and motor skills.
- the program of developing senses and motor skills.
- All of the above.
Children being raised in a Japanese-speaking culture lose the ability to distinguish between the sounds made by the letters R and L, as the letter L is not part of the Japanese language. This fact is an evidence for which of the following notion?
- The environment plays a role in children’s language development.
- Humans possess an innate ability to acquire language.
- There are basic rules common to all human languages.
- Children learn language primarily by mimicking the sounds in their environment.
The classic experiments for testing the theory of mind is().
- the Strange Situation Test
- the Marshmallow Test
- the Three Mountain Experiment
- the Rhesus Monkeys Experiment
The most important task to learn at the concrete operational stage which spans between 7 to 12 years of age is().
- object permanence and goal-directed behavior
- the theory of mind and learning self control
- abstract reasoning and hypothetical thought
Children raised under the ______ style of parenting tend to be very obedient and wishes to rebel is very much suppressed at the same time.
Accoring to national polls, young adults in China marry at an average age of 26. According to Erikson their major developmental task at this point of life is _______
Psychology starts to become a branch of the natural sciences during the Renaissance.
The purpose of the original marshmallow experiment was to understand the function of frontal lobe that's been developed during the critical years in our early life.
The hypothalamus mainly regulates emotional responses.
The autonomic nervous system can be divided into the sympathetic and the parasympathetic system.
The main function of the neurotransmitter is to preserve the speed and integrity of the neural signal as it propagates down the axon.
Sensation is defined as the organization and interpretation of stimuli, and perception is defined as the process we use to detect sensory stimuli in the environment.
It is often hard to detect our own spelling error, because our bottom-up processing will “auto-correct” our spelling error.
With regard to the two ways of turning information from working memory to long-term memory, elaboration is much more effective when you test the immediate result.
The "Melatonin"（脑白金） TV advertisements use elaboration as memory encoding way to leave a fairly deep trace in the viewers' mind.
Securely attached children can confidently explore the environment and rejoin with mother to sooth anxiety.
Cognitivepsychology is a branch that focuses on internal state, such as motivation, problem solving, decision making, thinking and attention. （注意大小写）
Our nervous system can be divided into two parts, the central nervous systemand the peripheral nervous system.
The Wernicke’s area and Broca’s area are both in the left hemisphere.
When we look at an object, its image is slightly different in two eyes, and this helps to provide depth perception. This is a case of 未作答 cue.
Tempory memory briefly holds information without meaningful encoding. （注意大小写）
During the magic show, there are large changes that happened to our visual field that we did not notice. This is called 未作答.
For infants, things out of sight are literally out of mind. Because they have not yet acquired the concept of 未作答.
When you look around in the dark movie hall, you are mostly relying on the rodcells on your retina.
For older adults, fluidintelligence may have declined rapidly, while crystallizedintelligence is still on increase.